What are the common types of air conditioner systems?

Central air conditioner, a top choice for many homes

As the temperatures and humidity rise in Tennessee, there is one thing we are most thankful for, our air conditioner.

Nearly 100 percent of new homes built in the South have an HVAC system, with a heavy emphasis on the AC part.

But how does this marvel of modern technology keep you from melting into a puddle on your couch? Simply put, an air conditioner works by absorbing heat and moisture from the air in your house and transferring it back outside where it belongs.

There are a few options to look at when considering what type of system will work best for you: central, split-air systems, window units or ductless mini-split systems.

Central air conditioner

Most newer HVAC systems are of the central heating and cooling variety.

A central air conditioner moves air throughout a building using ductwork and registers. In turn, as the air warms it is drawn into the air conditioning system where it is cooled and then redistributed throughout the building. And the cycle begins again.

Split-air systems

Some homes are equipped with split-air systems, which are made up of interior and exterior units. The interior unit houses the cooling coil blower and air filter. The exterior unit holds the compressor, condenser coil, and the capillary tubing. Because the units are separate, they are connected only by tubing and wires.

Window air conditioner

If you don’t have a central system or have a room that needs a little extra cooling, window units are always a good option, if you’re willing to lose a window.

Window units, as implied by the name, are installed in an open window. The air inside is cooled as one fan pulls it over an evaporator. A second fan blows the heated air over a condenser.

Ductless mini-split systems

Ductless mini-split systems work in a similar way, except they are installed through a hole in the wall. You will find them often in hotels. Also called Packaged terminal air conditioner (PTAC) systems or wall-split air conditioning systems, the advantage of these are the small size and flexibility between heating and cooling a single room.

But both systems are less energy efficient than other systems.

If you have questions about what air conditioner system is best for your home, contact TMC today to schedule a call with a consultant.